Located distinguishly on the border of three Arab Countries; the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Iraq, and the Republic of Syria, Ruweishd is one of the largest districts in the Kingdom. The district was established on 6/8/2001 and includes one municipal council and nine localities. Ruweished district center is Ruweished city and it includes the following other cities (Manshiyat Al-Ghayath, Salhiyat Al-Naim, Al-Rawdah, Al-Rishah Al-Gharbi, Al-Raqban, Al-Athni, Al-Faydah, Al-Rishah, Al-Sharqiya, Al-Karama, Al-Mashaqiq, and Rawdat Al-Ruwaished).


According to the Ministry of Interior in Jordan, Ruwaished  population consists of 7,490 people, spread over an area of 21,615.4 km2, which includes nine residential areas: Al-Ruwaished, Manshiat Al-Ghayath, Salihiya Al-Na’im, Al-Rouda, western Al-Risha, Al-Ruqban, Al-Ithna, Al-Fida, eastern Al-Risha, Al-Karameh, Al-Mashaqiq, and Rouda Al-Ruwaished.


Agriculture constitutes the backbone of the town's legal economy. Due to its location in plains where eight wadis converge, there are several dams built in the Ruwaished basin, to efficiently utilize the winter floods in the wadis: North Ruwaished (Abu Alsafa) Dam: has a capacity of 10.3 million m3. Burqu Dam: Originally a Roman-built dam and still in use, has a capacity of about 4 million m3. Shaalan Dam: has a capacity of 1 million m3. Alrisha Alsharqiyya Dam: has a capacity of 2 million m3. Hadlat Dam: The largest dam with a capacity of 20 million m3. Raqban Dam Buwaidha Dam

Water situation

Water holes are avaialble and are widespread throughout the desert. These were dug by the Ministry of Agriculture so that they would fill with rainwater during the winter and are used by the local shepherds to water their flocks. These holes are one of the water sources that area locals depend upon to partially cover their water needs. According to the Director of the Administration of Water Collection in the Ministry of Agriculture, the number of these holes is 52. These are designed to [collectively] hold 3.5 million cubic meters. In addition, there are six earth dams, which hold 68 million cubic meters. There are also 16 artesian aquifers, but eight of them are shut down. There are also two privately owned wells in the region.


Ruwaished has a desert climate with an average annual precipitation of 82.9 mm. About eight wadis converge in the plains of Ruwaished, making it the second-largest water basin in the northern desert region after Azraq. The water floods from these wadis in the winter compensate for the low annual precipitation rate of Ruwaished. The town is at an elevation of 683 meters above sea level.

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